Oral and injectable systemic corticosterois are steroid hormones prescribed to decrease inflammation in diseases and conditions such as arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, for example), ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, asthma, bronchitis, some skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions that involve the nose and eyes. Examples of systemic corticosteroids include hydrocortisone (Cortef), cortisone, prednisone (Prednisone Intensol), prednisolone (Orapred, Prelone), and methylprednisolone (Medrol, Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol). Some of the side effects of systemic corticosteroids are swelling of the legs, hypertension, headache, easy bruising, facial hair growth, diabetes, cataracts, and puffiness of the face.
Anabolic steroids (also known as androgenic steroids) are essentially lab-created analogues of testosterone, and will function similarly to that hormone in our bodies. While it is possible to experience instantaneous overdose on corticosteroids, overdose on anabolic steroids often manifests differently. Anabolic steroids are seldom associated with acute overdose (or one that occurs in one sitting). Instead, anabolic steroid overdose is an accumulation of negative effects over long-term use (chronic overdose) 2 . Extended anabolic steroid abuse can result in a serious set of negative effects, such as 2, 3 :