Steroid injection in foot side effects

Epidural steroid injections are most commonly used in situations of radicular pain, which is a radiating pain that is transmitted away from the spine by an irritated spinal nerve. Irritation of a spinal nerve in the low back ( lumbar radiculopathy ), such as from lumbar spinal stenosis , cervical spinal stenosis, herniated disc , and foraminal encroachment, causes back pain that goes down the leg. Epidural injection is also used as a minimally invasive procedure to treat nerve compression in the neck (cervical spine), referred to as cervical radiculopathy , which causes pain.

For many people, back pain goes away on its own or with nonsurgical treatments. Epidural steroid injections shouldn't typically be used as a first-line therapy for back pain relief, but that doesn't mean they can't play a role in treating pain. But injections won't cure the underlying cause of back pain, and they provide only temporary relief. Unfortunately, in many cases, chronic back pain can't be cured, but must instead be managed, like other chronic conditions—and patients must have realistic expectations of what epidurals can do.

Radiculopathy occurs when something irritates a spinal nerve—say a “slipped disc” causing a pinched nerve. This is also called sciatica . There are resident stem and other cells in the local tissues everywhere in our body. Many live around blood vessels. These are obviously also present in the disc and nerves in the epidural space and they usually play an important role in suppressing inflammation and repairing damage. We know, based on a copious in vitro (lab) data, that the high-dose steroids used in epidural injections can kill these cells. So the progression of the series of epidural steroid injections looks a little something like this:

Distal traction may be applied to the great toe to open the joint space. The needle is inserted on the dorsomedial or dorsolateral surface ( Figure 6 ) . The needle should be angled 60 to 70 degrees to the plane of the foot and pointed distally to match the slope of the joint. The joint space is not deep below the skin surface. The physician should aspirate before injecting; the injectable agent should flow without major resistance when the needle is positioned properly in the joint space. Follow-up care is the same as that previously described.

Steroid injection in foot side effects

steroid injection in foot side effects

Distal traction may be applied to the great toe to open the joint space. The needle is inserted on the dorsomedial or dorsolateral surface ( Figure 6 ) . The needle should be angled 60 to 70 degrees to the plane of the foot and pointed distally to match the slope of the joint. The joint space is not deep below the skin surface. The physician should aspirate before injecting; the injectable agent should flow without major resistance when the needle is positioned properly in the joint space. Follow-up care is the same as that previously described.

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