With all the negative publicity involving steroids, people tend to forget that they also do plenty of good for people. Certain steroids actually help people who have specific injuries or illnesses. Steroids have been used to help people recover from serious muscle tears and are now being used to moderate asthma and its symptoms. “Athletes tend to have injuries and minor accidents during practice sessions. Steroids help cure their ailment and get them back in shape soon” (MensXP). This shows that steroids aren’t just used to help enhance performance. But when someone mentions the word steroid they automatically assume that they’re talking about performance-enhancing drugs but that’s not always the case. Actually not as many athletes use PEDs contrary to belief. “In fact, 80 percent of PED users are reported to be non-elite athletes” (Hayashi). This must come to a surprise to critics of steroid use. Critics would be quick to mention the risks of using steroids and what they can do to the human body. “Steroids are also known to affect other bodily functions and eventually affect the cholesterol level, sometimes resulting in high blood pressure and increased chances of heart attack” (MensXP). Another common issue with using steroids is addiction. “It has been found that a regular user of steroids tends to gradually get dependent on them. In cases of non-availability of the substance, the person falls into fits of rage and gets self-destructive.” (MensXP). Information such as this would have been very helpful 50 years ago when players first started using PEDs.
Transdermal patches (adhesive patches placed on the skin) may also be used to deliver a steady dose through the skin and into the bloodstream. Testosterone-containing creams and gels that are applied daily to the skin are also available, but absorption is inefficient (roughly 10%, varying between individuals) and these treatments tend to be more expensive. Individuals who are especially physically active and/or bathe often may not be good candidates, since the medication can be washed off and may take up to six hours to be fully absorbed. There is also the risk that an intimate partner or child may come in contact with the application site and inadvertently dose himself or herself; children and women are highly sensitive to testosterone and can suffer unintended masculinization and health effects, even from small doses. Injection is the most common method used by individuals administering AAS for non-medical purposes.